This article shows where to find every Journey Book element. You may not want to spoil the experience for yourself.
The Journey Book was added to Jamaa when oceans came out. There is a journey book page for every land and ocean area except Jamaa Township. The Paradise Party has a Journey Book page as well. To complete the book, you search each land to find the specific organisms listed on the page for the land. Once you find them all, you receive a prize.
There are eleven entries to find here and the prize is a Windmill.
Cassowaries are large, flghtless bird that related to emus. They have long daggerlike nail on each foot that can slash for defense when threatened. Female cassowaries lay large, bright green eggs that can weigh almost one and a half pounds!
Tiger snakes can get their name because they are often colored with dark stripes like a tiger. They are venomous, and their venom is strong enough to kill large animals! Instead of laying eggs, female tiger snake give live birth to up to 120 tiger snake babies!
Trapdoor spiders can get their name from the unique way they hunt for their prey. To catch their prey, they dig a hole in the ground and build a silk door over an entrance. They wait inside until an insect passes by, and they open this "trap door" and catch their prey!
Kookaburras are sometimes known as laughing kookaburras, because their distinctive call sounds like human laughter! They are kingfishers, which means they dive into water to catch their prey. Because they can hear in the early morning, they are also called the "bushman's clock".
They are the members of the cockatoo family that are known for their pink and gray feathers. Galah are social birds, and they can often be found in gigantic flocks of hundreds of birds! Seeds, shots, roots, leaf buds, fruits, and insects are all part of the galah's diet.
They have membranes of skin running down their slides. They use these membranes to glide from tree to tree. If the conditions are right, they can volplane, or glide, up too 300 feet! They are nocturnal, which means they are active during the night and sleep during the day.
Lyrebirds get their name because of their tail feathers resemble as lyre, an ancient instrument. Lyrebirds are known for their ability to mimic, or to copy, the sounds of other birds and animals. Some lyrebirds can even mimic the sound of cameras, car alarms, and even chainsaws!
They are related to the platypuses and they are the only two mammals that lay eggs! They are also known as the spiny anteaters, and they use their long beaks and sticky tongues to catch ants and termites that are deep in their mounds. In the wild, they can weigh up to 35 pounds and can live for over 40 years!
With a bill and webbed feet like a duck and a flat tail like a beaver, they are known for their unusual appearance. Because of these bizarre characteristics, scientists thought platypuses were a hoax when they are first discovered! Male platypuses are venomous, and they can use the sharp spurs on their hind feet to fend off predators!
They get their name because of the large skin membranes, or frills, around their necks. When threatened, they will spread their frills to try and look larger than they are! They can run upright, standing on their hind legs!
They are the smallest penguins in the world, and only grow about twelve inches tall! They can be found in the temperate climate of Australia and its surrounding islands. Many blue penguins make their nests in caves and underground burrows!
There are eleven entries to find here and the prize is a Cactus Chair.
The largest tarantulas can have a leg span of up to 12 inches across! Though tarantulas look scary, they are quite harmless. The bite may be painful, but their venom is typically not lethal to adult humans. The Goliath bird-eating tarantulas can eat frogs, mice, and even young birds!
Saguaro cactuses, or cacti, can grow up to 50 feet tall, can weigh up to 12,000 pounds, and can live for up to 200 years! Over the course of a lifetime, one saguaro cactus can produce up to 40,000,000 seeds! Saguaro cacti are only found in the Sonoran Desert in the southwest United States.
There are three types of honeybees that live and work in a hive: drones, workers, and the queen. When honeybees find food, they dance to communicate with other bees. Through these dances, other honeybees can tell how far away the food is! Honeybees can be trained to detect explosives!
Scientists aren’t sure why, but scorpions are fluorescent under ultraviolet light! Of the almost 1500 scorpion species, only about 50 have venom strong enough to kill a person. Researchers have frozen scorpions overnight, only to put them in the sun the next and watch them thaw out and walk away!
Cardinals are songbirds, which means they whistle and sing and to communicate. Northern cardinals are some of the most common birds in North America, and they can usually be found in the eastern United States. Unlike most female songbirds in North America, female cardinals sing.
Though most people consider dandelions to be weeds, they are related to daises and sunflowers. The big yellow dandelion flowers that grow on each plant are actually flower heads made of lots of little flowers! Dandelions are used in some herbal medicines, and some people eat dandelion leaves.
Gila monsters can grow up to 2 feet long and can weigh up to 3 pounds! Gila monsters are one of only 2 venomous lizards in the world, By storing fat in their oversize tails, Gila monsters are able to go several months between meals!
There are 29 different species of rattlesnakes. Rattlesnakes get their name because of the rattle on the end of their tails that they shake as a warning whenever they are threatened or scared. Though rattlesnakes are venomous, they are actually very shy and timid and won’t attack unless they are provoked.
Coyotes are omnivores, which mean they eat plants and meat. Coyotes can weigh up to 50 pounds, and they can live up to 4 years in the wild. When caring for their young coyotes during the first year of their lives, coyotes live in strong family groups called packs.
Woodchucks are also known as groundhogs. Woodchucks are related to North American squirrels. During the winter months, woodchucks hibernate. While in hibernation, a woodchuck will take one breath every 6 minutes or so, and its heart will beat about 4 times a minute!
Peregrine falcons are birds of prey, which means they hunt and eat other animals. When they hunt, peregrine falcons can pursue their prey in very fast dives called stoops. Male peregrine falcons are called tiercels, and female peregrines are simply called falcons.
Dragonflies have long bodies and two pairs of large, see-through wings. Dragonflies are measured by their wingspan, or how wide their wings are. Some dragonflies can have a wingspan of 5 inches! There are about 2500 different dragonfly species!
There are about 250 species of hibiscus plants, and they range from herbs and shrubs to small trees. Hibiscus plants are known for their large, richly-colored flowers, which can range from white and cream to red and purple! In Latin, the word “hibiscus” means “marshmallow”.
Vine snakes get their name because their long, slender bodies look like tree vines. All vine snakes are venomous! Vine snakes have colors that match the areas they live in. Vine snakes that live in the rainforests are green and brown, and vine snakes that live in the savannahs and dry forests are brown or gray.
Needlefish get their name because they have long, slim, slender jaws that look like needles! There are about 60 species of needlefish, and some can grow up to 4 feet long. Needlefish are silver in color, with blue or green backs. They are found in tropical and subtropical waters all over the world.
Turtles are reptiles with bony shells that belong to the order Testudines, which also includes toroises abd terrapins. Some turtles live only on land, some live only in the water, and some call both places their home. There about 300 species of turtles, and they lvie on every continent except Antarctica!
Pitcher plants are carnivorous plants, which means they eat meat to get some of their nutrients! Most pitcher plants catch their prey by producing a sweet nectar. When an insect enters the pitcher to get the nectar, it falls in and gets trapped. The pitcher plant then uses digestive juices called enzymes to digest parts of the insect!
Pythons are constrictors, which means they constrict, or squeeze, themselves around the prey they catch. There are 7 species of pythons, and they can grow anywhere from 6 to over 30 feet! Reticulated pythons are the longest snakes in the world!
Praying mantises are one of the only insects that can look over their shoulders! When catching their prey, mantises’ reflexes are so quick they are hard to see. Praying mantises eat moths, crickets, grasshoppers, flies, and other insects. Sometimes they even eat other mantises!
Colugos are also called flying lemurs. Colugos have membranes of skin, much like flying squirrels. This skin helps colugos glide in between the trees they call their homes. Though they cannot actually “fly”, colugos can glide for over 230 feet while only losing a little altitude!
There are about 50 species of monitor lizards, and they are found in parts of Africa, Asia, Australia, and the islands of the Pacific. One of the most well-known monitors, the Komodo dragon, is the largest lizard in the world! It can grow up to 10 feet long and can weigh up to 150 pounds!
By relying on water’s surface tension, water striders are actually able to walk on water! Water striders are covered with thousands of tiny hairs that help keep them dry. Water striders hunt other tiny insects and larvae by detecting vibrations on the surface of the water!
Partridges are game birds, which means they are hunted for their meat. There are many different species of partridges, and each species has its own unique colors and appearance. Some partridges are brown and white, some have red faces, and some are even blue-green!
Juniper trees and shrubs are evergreens, which means they stay green all year and don’t lose their leaves in the fall. Juniper berries are blue-gray in color, and they have a very strong taste and smell. Some junipers can grow up to 50 feet tall!
Himalayan poppies are said to be the color of the blue Tibetan sky.The leaves and stems of Himalayan poppies are covered in sharp spines! The Himalayan poppy is the national flower of Bhutan.
Yaks are a type of wild cattle that live in Asia at high elevations, ranging from 10,000 to 18,000 feet! In China, yaks are known as hairy cattle, because they look like cows covered in long, thick hair. Yaks are used in many different ways. Their meat and milk is eaten, their hair is used to make cloth, and their skin is used to make coats and blankets.
Hawk moths are powerful fliers and can reach speed of almost 30 miles per hour! Most hawk moths adults sip nectar through a long strawlike longue called a proboscis. One species, however, steals honey from bees! Hawk moths can have wingspans that measure up to 8 inches across.
Lemmings are rodents and are related to mice. Every 2–5 years, some lemming populations will grow so large that thousands of lemmings will migrate in search of food and a better habitat. A common myth claims that during this migration, lemmings will jump off high cliffs and into the ocean! Thankfully, this is not true!
Permafrost is soil that stays frozen for years at a time. Depending on what different materials are in the soil, different patterns can form in the permafrost. Scientists estimate that some permafrost in Siberia has been frozen for more than 1,000,000 years straight!
Slate is formed when shale is exposed to immense heat and pressure! Among other things, slate has been used in road construction, roofing, and concrete mixes. Slate is found all throughout the world in places where small pieces of rock have been pressed together under pressure for thousands of years!
Himalayan tahrs are goatlike animals that live on some of the steepest cliffs and mountains in the world! Himalayan tahrs live in groups of 2 to 30 animals. Female tahrs can weigh up to 80 pounds, and male tahrs can weigh up to 160 pounds!
Gold has been prized among civilizations since ancient times. Gold is one of the easier metals to form and was often used by ancient civilizations to make jewelry. Since gold is such a soft metal, copper is sometimes added to make it harder.
Red pandas are also called lesser pandas and firefoxes. In the past, scientists have identified red pandas as relatives of both giant pandas and raccoons! Red pandas weight about 8 pounds and are about 23 inches long. Their bushy, ringed tails are almost as long as their bodies are!
There are eleven entries to find here and the prize is a Lemonade Stand.
The scientific name of cacao trees, also called cocoa trees, means “food of the gods” in Greek. Cocao trees produce long pods filled with fruit called cocoa beans. Cocoa beans are dried, roasted, ground, and made into chocolate!
Sugarcane is a type of grass that produces a juice that sugar comes from! Because they might receive 80 to 90 inches of rain during the growing season, stalks of sugarcane can grow up to 17 feet high! Sugarcane is grown in tropical and subtropical areas all over the world.
Crabs are decapods, which means they have 5 pairs of legs. Their front pair of legs are claws! When a crab grows too big for its shell, the shell will split and low the new shell under it to harden. Some crab species can run forward and backward, and some can only run sideways!
There are almost 3000 species of centipedes! Centipedes have lots of legs. Some have only 14 pairs of legs and others have 177! In Latin, the word “centipede” means “100 feet”. Centipedes hunt at night. They use their venomous claws to hunt spiders, insects, and even other centipedes!
Macaws are parrots that are known for their bright and vibrant colors. Macaws have large curved beaks that are powerful enough to crack hard nuts and seeds! Many macaws are kept as pets and can be taught to mimic, or repeat, words.
Basilisk lizards are best known for their ability to run across water! When they run, basilisks churn their legs like windmills. This creates tiny air pockets among the special scales they have under their long toes. These scales spread out as their feet hit the water, which helps keep basilisks on top of the water!
Flamingos are reddish-pink in color because of the algae and small crustaceans that they eat! Flamingos eat with their heads down and their bills upside down in the water to help suck in food. Plastic flamingos are a popular lawn ornament. In the United States, there may be more plastic flamingos than real ones!
Though tapirs may look like a pig mixed with an elephant, they are actually related to rhinoceroses and horses! Tapirs have a short trunk that is prehensile, which means they can grab things with their trunks! Tapirs use their trunks to pluck leaves from tree branches and fruit off the ground.
Green iguanas eat fruit, leaves, and flower, and they spend almost all of their time in the trees. When threatened or scared, green iguanas will dive from their tree into water below to escape. Green iguanas can grow up to 6 feet long and can live for 10 years in the wild!
When found on the beach, sand dollars are actually empty exoskeletons of a species of marine animal. Sand dollars can live for up to 10 years! Their age can be found by counting the growth rings on their exoskeletons! Live sand dollars have spines covering their bodies that they use to move, breathe, and even eat!
Tide pools are pools of seawater along rocky shores that are completely underwater during high tide, but stay filled with water during low tide. Tide pools have amazing biodiversity, or lots of different plants and animals. Sea anemones, sea stars, sea slugs, and all sorts of other ocean life can be found in tide pools.
There are eleven entries to find here and the prize is a Treehouse.
Chipmunks are rodents, and are closely related to squirrels and mice. There are 25 species of chipmunks. Most of them live in North America, but the Asiatic chipmunk lives in parts of Asia and Europe. All chipmunks have stripes down their backs. These stripes can range in color and number.
Skunks are known for their ability to spray stinky liquid at predators. This liquid is an oil that is produced by special glands that are under skunks’ tails. Skunk’s spray isn’t dangerous at all, but it can stay in clothing and stink for days!
Poison ivy can grow in bushes and vines, and it produces small greenish-white fruit. Most people are allergic to an oil that poison ivy produces, and if any poison ivy touches their skin, it will cause a rash. People sometimes use this phrase to help them avoid poison ivy: "Leaves of three, let it be."
Mushrooms produce spores in their gills, which are located in the top, or cap, of the mushroom. Some mushrooms can release 2.7 billion spores a day! That’s 2,700,000,000 spores! One species of mushroom can shoot it spores up to 6 feet in the air to help spread them as far as possible!
Ravens can live in all types of environments, from frozen tundras to hot deserts. Though ravens look like and are closely related to crows, ravens are bigger and have bigger bills. Ravens that are kept as pets can be taught to mimic, or repeat, words.
To find food, woodpeckers peck holes into trees. Woodpeckers’ skulls are specially adapted to withstand this hard pounding. The pileated woodpecker has a long tongue and sticky saliva which it uses to capture and and beetle larvae!
Fireflies aren’t actually flies. They are members of the beetle family. Fireflies can naturally produce light using special cells called photocytes! Because of the light they emit, fireflies are also known as lightning bugs. Young fireflies are sometimes called glowworms.
Mosses are tiny, green, non-flowering plants found throughout the world. Reindeer eat moss because it helps provide energy they need to live in cold weather. Many mosses can survive months of being extremely dry and can return to life within a few hours of being watered!
Crawling nonstop, it would take a snail several days to go one mile! Snails live on the land and in the ocean, and they are related to some underwater animals such as oysters and squids. The main difference between snails and slugs is that snails have shells and slugs do not.
Termite colonies eat non-stop, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week! Bacteria called protozoa live in termites’ digestive tracts. The protozoa digest the wood the termites eat. Termites have wings that they shed once they have found a good place to build a nest.
Great Horned Owls
Great horned owls get their name because they have two tufts of feathers on their heads that look like horns. These tufts are call plumicorns. Great horned owls are the most common owls in North and South America, and they range from the northern parts of Alaska and Canada to the southern parts of Argentina and Chile!
Guinea fowl originally came from Africa, but they are now widespread. Helmeted guinea fowl are easily recognized by the bony crest on their heads. Because helmeted guinea fowl make lots of noise when they are startled or scared, some farmers use them on their farms to act like watchdogs!
Golden moles are blind because their eyes are covered by skin! Golden moles spend the daytime hours underground and come to the surface at night to find food like termites and other insects. Grant’s golden moles weight about an ounce and are only about 3 inches long!
Black mambas are actually brown or gray in color. When black mambas are threatened, they open their mouths wide, revealing a blue-black color. This is where their name comes from. Because they are very fast and have a highly toxic venom, black mambas are considered to be extremely dangerous, even though they actually will do everything they can to avoid humans.
There are about 4,000 species of cockroaches, and they live in many places across the world. Cockroaches have lived on the planet for more than 320 million years! The Australian giant burrowing cockroach is the heaviest cockroach in the world. It can grow up to 3 inches long!
Warthogs get their name form the “warts” that cover their faces. These warts are actually thick skin growths that protect them during fights. Warthogs eat plants and grass, and they even use their snouts to dig for roots. Though they don’t appear fast, warthogs can sprint up 30 miles an hour for short distances!
Weaverbirds get their name because of how they build their nests. They weave grass, twigs, straw, fur, and other soft plant materials together to make their nests. Social weaverbirds weave their nests together into large structures that resemble bird apartment buildings, with each bird family having their own room! These nests can be up to 10 feet tall!
Zebras are social animals that live in herds. Sometimes these herds combine and there are hundreds of zebras in one place at one time! Zebras live in Africa on grasslands called savannas. Zebras’ stripe patterns are as unique as fingerprints, with no two zebras having the same pattern.
Wildebeests are large antelopes that live on the plains of Africa. Wildebeests are a keystone species, which means they play a very important role in the ecosystems they live in. The word “wildebeest” is Afrikaans for “wild beast”, and wildebeests are also known as gnus.
When burrowing, meerkats can close their ears to keep out dust and dirt! Meerkats have thin fur on their stomachs which helps them regulate their body temperature. Meerkats have excellent eyesight. Their long, horizontal pupils help them see in a very wide area surrounding them.
Rock hyraxes are small rodentlike animals that live in areas that have lots of boulders, rocks, and cervices. Rock hyraxes can grow up to 20 inches long and can weigh up to 11 pounds! Though rock hyraxes may look like rodents, their closest relatives are elephants!
There are more than 10,000 ant species in the world, and they can be found on every continent except Antarctica. Ants can carry up to 50 times their body weight! Some ants can fly, and some ants can make themselves explode when attacked!
Barrel sponges are some of the largest of all sponge species, with some growing up to six feet tall! Barrel sponges live mainly in the tropical waters of the Pacific and Indian Oceans, but scientists have recently discovered huge sponge populations in the Caribbean. They estimate that some of these sponges are 2000 years old.
With a strong underbite and sharp, pointy teeth, barracudas are known for their scary appearance! Though they look fierce, barracudas mostly keep to themselves and only attack when provoked. adult barracudas are usually solitary hunters, but they stick together in larger groups when they are younger for safety.
Male elephant seals have a large proboscis, or noselike appendage, that resembles an elephant's trunk. They can even inflate it! Elephant seals can dive down to over 1500 feet below the surface of the ocean. When underwater, elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 100 minutes!
Giant clams are the biggest and heaviest mollusks. Most giant clams grow to be about a foot across, but some can grow up to three feet across and can weigh over 400 pounds! In the wild, giant clams permanently attach themselves to sand or coral reef rubble. They can live for over 100 years.
Jellyfish are related to corals and sea anemones, and like their relatives, most of them begin life as tiny polyps. Since real fish have backbones and jellyfish are invertebrates, scientists prefer to call them sea jellies. A group of jellyfish is called a smack!
Kelp is sometimes known as seaweed. Under good conditions, giant kelp can grow up to two feet each day! Kelp is a good source of alginate, which is used in preparing medicine, cosmetics, paper, and even ice cream!
Moray eels have lots of sharp teeth. Their teeth can almost always be seen because they keep their mouths open to pass water through their gills! Moray eels have a second set of jaws called pharyngeal jaws. These jaws help squeeze food down towards their stomach. Thanks to these jaws, moray eels can swallow large pieces of food!
True oysters can be eaten cooked, raw, smoked, or canned. Sadly, these oysters produce dull and misshapen pearls. Pearl oysters cannot be eaten, but they form beautiful, round pearls. These pearls are formed when something small, like sand, gets stuck in an oyster. Over time, the oyster wraps it in layers of nacre, which lines the inside of its shell.
Like oysters, scallops are bivalves. But unlike other bivalves, scallops are migratory, which means they like to swim around. Some scallops can "sing" by making a soft popping noise as they flap open and closed while swimming! Scallops have lots of little eyes that line the edges of their mantle.
Sea cucumbers can grow to over six feet long! When they are threatened, sea cucumbers can eviscerate themselves. That means they shoot their internal organs out of their bodies to trap or scare predators! After escaping, sea cucumbers' organs regenerate, or grow back, in about six weeks.
Since real fish have backbones and sea stars are invertebrates, scientists prefer to call the sea stars instead of starfish. Most sea stars can actually eat outside of their bodies! When a sea star finds hard to reach food, its cardiac stomach comes out of its mouth, surrounds and envelopes the food, and then goes back into its body!
Marlin belong to the billfish family, which also includes sailfish and spearfish. They have long rounded, spearlike noses that they use to slash and stabs at schools of smaller fishes! Know for putting up a tremendous fight when hooked, marlins are one of the hardest fish for sport fishers to catch.
Stingrays are flat, disk-shaped creatures that have long, sharp and usually spiny tails. They are also known as whip-tailed rays, and they can whip their tails with enough force to puncture a wooden boat! Some stingrays can use the natural suction of their fins to uproot clams that are buried in the sandy ocean floor!
Humpback Whales are baleen, which means they strain krill, plankton and small fish out of the water by forcing it through the spongelike baleen in their mouths. They are the most vocal of all whales. They will “sing” song alone or in groups for up to 35 minutes at a time! Their “songs” even change as the years pass.
They are also called anemonefish because they make their home in sea anemones. Their bodies produce a protective layer of slime that protects them from the anemone’s spines. Sea anemones protect and shelter clownfish, and clownfish help the anemones by cleaning up and eating small leftovers. This is called symbiotic relationship.
Like corals, barnacles from calcium carbonate shells for protection. They attach themselves to piers, rocks, and even ships using their heads! Once attached, barnacles use their small and feathery legs called cirri to trap small particles of food that floats by.
Like crabs and shrimps, lobsters have five pairs of legs. On many lobsters, the first set of legs has large claw at the end, with one claw being larger than the other! They can grow new legs and claws if they lose by accident or to a predator. In the wild, lobsters are greenish-brown, orange, blue and even purple!
They are known to their ability to puff up like a balloon when they are disturbed! Many species of pufferfish are very poisonous, and they are covered in prickly skin. In Japan, specially trained chefs prepare pufferfish as food after they carefully remove the poisonous glands and organs.
Scientists used to think that tube sponges were plants, but have since found that they are very simple animals. Sponges have no organs, but they do have cells that help them to pull water through their pores to collect microscopic food particles. Tube sponges are delicate and tear easily, so they are usually found in deeper waters where waves and currents have a smaller effect.
When flounders are young, they can swim close to the surface and have an eye on each side of their head. They soon start leaning to one side, and both eyes shift to eventually becomes their top side. To protect themselves, flounders have been known to change colors from their normal grayish-brown to shades of blue, orange and even pink!
Feather Duster Worm
They live in long tubes. These tues are built out of sands and mud, and are held together with mucus! They get their name from the frilly crown of fine tentacles attached to either side of their heads. They extend these tentacles out to breathe and eat, but quickly retract them at the first sign of danger.
It is a stony coral that gets its name from their resemblance to the horns of stag, or male deer. Like other living corals, they are made from small polyps that attached themselves to surfaces. Much like their jellyfish relatives, corals use their nematocyts, or small stinging structures, to paralyze their prey.
They get their name because it looks like an underwater brain! They are made of polyps, small tubelike structures that attach themselves to surfaces like rocks. Once attached, they wave their mouths and tenticles in the water to catch food.
There are ten entries to find here and the prize is a Toy Boat Pond.
They can grow up to 13 feet long and can weigh up to 1300 pounds! They are also known as sea cows. Like all marine mammals, manatees have to breathe air from the surface. When they are at rest, they can stay underwater for 15 minutes.
Spotted Snake Eel
They spend lots of their time in the sand. They use their sharp, pointed tails to burrow backwards into the sand, and then they come out at night to feed. They can grow up to 4 feet long! When they swim, spotted snake eels move their bodies side to side in an S shape.
They get their name because their wide heads looks like a giant hammers! They eat stingrays and they use their heads to fin stingrays to the ocean floor. Through most are usually smaller, some hammerhead sharks can grow up to 20 feet long and can weigh up to 1000 pounds!
They get their name from their strong birdlike beaks. Their beak are formed when their front teeth fuse together, and parrot fish use them to grind up pieces of coral that contain algae. They can change between being male and female multiple times over their lives!
They are water birds, which means they live near oceans, lakes, and rivers. Some even make their nests out of seaweed. To catch a fish they eat, they actually dive and swim under the water! In some countries, fishermen train cormorants to catch fish for them!
They are mollusks, and are related to clams, sea snails, and scallops. They are easily recognized by their smooth, coiled shells. These shells are made up of different chambers that are all connected and nautiluses can adjust gases in the chamber to float and sink!
They are sea snails that are recognized by their large, triangular shells! “Conch” can be pronounced “konch or knon”. Due their meat is eaten by people all over the world and because their shells are desired by collectors, natural populations of conches have shrunk considerably in the recent past.
They are crustaceans. They are related to crayfish, crabs and lobsters. They are almost 2000 species of shrimp, and they can be found living in every ocean on earth! Most shrimp are about 1 to 3 inches long, but some can grow up to 8 inches long! Large shrimp are sometimes called prawns.
They are echinoderms, and they are related to sea stars! They are covered with long, movable spines. In some species, these spines are venomous, and they are used to fend off any potential predators. They are over 900 species of sea urchins!
They aren’t fish. They’re cephalopods, like squid and octopuses. They are known for their amazing ability to camouflage themselves in their surroundings. They change their patterns and colors quickly to hide from predators, as well as to communicate with one another.
Most of them grow to over 30 feet long and weigh over 400 pounds, but the biggest giant squid ever measured was almost 60 feet long and weighed almost 2000 pounds! Measuring in at the size of a beach ball, giant squid’s eyes are the biggest in the animal kingdom. Giant squids use these huge eyes to see the murky and dark depths of the oceans.
They are fish are some of the deepest-living fish ever discovered. They have been found as shallow as 6500 feet and as deep as 16,500 feel below the surface! That’s over three miles deep! They are only six inches long, but their scary-looking teeth, when measured in proportion to their body size, are the largest any fish!
They are exclusive deep-sea creatures, and most live up to 2300 feet below the surface! They are grow to over six feet long and can live for up to 60 years! They were thought to have gone extinct with the dinosaurs, but in 1938, a live specimen was caught off the coast of South Africa!
They get their name because their bodies are shaped like a hatchet, or small axe. They have a row of bioluminescent, or glowing, organs that line their bellies. Hatchetfish’s glowing organs shine like daylight from the ocean surface when seen from below, and are used to confuse predators.
They are long, thin, ribbon-shaped fish that can grow up to 35 feet long and weigh over 600 pounds! They live in deep waters around the globe and are rarely seen at the surface. Today, many believes that oarfish were the inspiration for the giant “sea serpents” that sailors reported seeing throughout history!
They live in the dark depths of the ocean, and have been found living 9,000 feet below the surface! They get their names from their enormous mouths. And somw gulper eels have mouths are longer than their bodies! Because they have expandable stomachs, they can eat food that is bigger than they are!
There are over 200 species of anglerfish. Most of them are live at the bottom of ocean! Female anglerfish have dorsal spine that sticks out above their mouths. The tip of this spine is bioluminescent, which means it glows. They use this glowing lure as bait to attract smaller fish.
They are crustaceans, and they are related to shrimps, crabs, and even tiny pill bugs! They are the largest of all known isopods. They are believe to live in the deep waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. They are scavengers, meaning they eat dead sea creatures.
Most of them live in reefs, and they rely on camouflage to stay hidden and protected. Different frogfish have stripes, spots, warts, and other skin features that allow them to imitate the surrounding rocks and plants. Some of it can change their colors to blend in!
They live up to 13,000 feet below the surface, and like some other deep-sea dwellers, they have bioluminiscent, or glowing, organs on their bodies. They use these glowing photophores to attach their prey. They only reach about eight inches long, but their jagged, needlelike teeth are so oversized that they can’t close their mouths!